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The NUMERICAL VALUE  

(Source: The Universal History of Number, by Georges Ifrah)

The Arabs have frequently used a system of Numerical Notation in which each letter of their own alphabet has a specific numerical value. According to F. Woepke (1863 - The Historian who is expert in the history of number), They " seem to have considered (this system) as uniquely and by preference their own".

Thy call this " huruf al jumal "  (calculating the total) which means something like " totals means of letter"

Another name of Numerical Value is what they call JEWISH "GEMATRIA" (possibly a corruption of Greek geometrikos arithmos, geometrical number).

For my web, I'd prefer to use NUMERICAL VALUE (easy to understand) than Gematria.

Here is

THE TABLE OF ARABIC NUMERICAL VALUE

No

LETTERS

NUMERICAL VALUES

1

'Alif

a

1

2

B'

b

2

3

T'

t

400

4

Ts'

ts

500

5

Jm

j

3

6

H'

h

8

7

kh'

kh

600

8

dl

d

4

9

dzl

dz

700

10

r'

r

200

11

zai

z

7

12

sn

s

60

13

syn

sy

300

14

shd

sh

90

15

dhd

dh

800

16

th'

th

9

17

zh'

zh

900

18

'ain

'a

70 

19

ghain

gh

1000

20

f'

f

80

21

qf

q

100

22

kf

k

20

23

lm

l

30

24

mm

m

40

25

nn

n

50

26

h'

h

5

27

waw

w

6

28

y'

y

10

 

Example:

ALLAH 

 ' Alif, lm,lm,h'

' Alif = 1, lm = 30, h' = 5

ALLAH = 1+ 30+ 30+ 5 = 66

Total Numerical Value ALLAH

 = 66

Combination of Numerical Value ALLAH

= 1 30 30 5

 ------------------

MUHAMMAD

mm, H',mm, dl

mm = 40, H' = 8, dl =4

MUHAMMAD = 40+8+40+4 = 92

Total Numerical Value MUHAMMAD

= 92

Combination of Numerical Value MUHAMMAD

= 40 8 40 4